Family Nurse Practitioner

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family nurse practitioner
Family Nurse Practitioners (FNP) are registered registered nurses who work independently or work with other healthcare professionals to provide family-focused care. Given the rather broad nature of the "family" patient population focus, Family Nurse Practitioners offer a range of health services that range around the family unit; From health promotion and disease prevention to direct care and counseling for all ages.

Because Family Nurse Practitioners have postgraduate level education, as well as clinical training in family medicine, they are eligible for diagnosis and treatment of complex health and body health conditions. Their training and continuing education are also often eligible to become Family Nurse Practitioners to serve as hospital and clinic administrators and policymakers.

Family Nurse Practitioners can work in various places, including conventional doctor's offices, clinics, private homes, schools, or hospitals. Family nurse practitioners place a strong emphasis on health and prevention, but also provide care for everything from mild illness to serious conditions affecting family members, from children to grandparents. Family Nurse Practitioners can be expected to perform tasks that include:
  • Develop a treatment plan for acute and chronic illness
  • Educate and guide patients about disease prevention and healthy lifestyle habits
  • Understand changes in health promotion throughout the aging process
  • Take an exam
  • Perform diagnostic tests and screening evaluations
  • Manage overall patient care on lifestyle and development issues
  • Emphasize disease prevention and treatment
  • Medical prescription

Choice of Education Program and Degree

Being a Family Nurse Practitioner must first pass the NCLEX-RN exam and become a licensed RN. Crucial experience gained in the years spent working as a registered nurse. From there, most of the Family Nurse Practitioners work toward a Master in Nursing (MSN) degree with a concentration in family practice, a special post-graduate degree for the preparation of a Family Nurse Practitioner, or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP).

Often, registered nurses complete a general bachelor degree in nursing and then proceed to complete a post-graduate certificate program for family nursing practitioners. Many prospective Family Nurse Practitioners choose to concentrate their master's education on a Family Nurse Practitioner specialization. The subspecialties available to the Family Nurse Practitioner include:
  • Medical surgery
  • Heart
  • Endocrine / diabetes
  • Kidney / Urology
  • Perinatal
  • Long-term care
  • Orthopedics
  • Rehabilitation
  • Lungs
  • Pediatrics
  • Gerontology
  • ER / Trauma
  • Post-Partum
  • Psychiatric
  • Critical care

Postgraduate courses of family and postnatal nursing practitioners combine didactic learning with clinical experience that places great emphasis on advanced clinical skills skills. In addition to basic courses in advanced health assessment, pathophysiology, and pharmacology, prospective Family Nurse Practitioners can also expect to take courses that include:
  • Methods of nursing research
  • Treatment of adults and geriatrics
  • Family / Age nursing theory
  • Family / age nursing care
  • Management of acute and chronic diseases
  • Social and cultural issues
  • The dynamics of family health care
  • Family Counseling

Certification of National Family Nurse Practitioners

Upon completion of a postgraduate or graduate program, graduates are eligible for national certification. Most Family Nurse Practitioners programs are developed to meet the latest national standards for Family Nurse Practitioner certification. Most states require national certification for the Nurse Family Nurse's license, although not all states recognize the same national certification body. It is important that the prospective licensor verifies with the previous State Council of Nursing, whose national certification body is recognized.

American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), a subsidiary of the American Nurses Association, offers the primary care certification of the BC-Family Nurse. To qualify for this certification, applicants must hold current and active RN licenses and master's, postgraduate or doctoral degrees from the Family Nurse Practitioner program accredited by the Collegiate Nursing Education Commission (CCNE) or the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC) . Applicants must complete a minimum of 500 hours of clinically supervised faculty in their Family Nurse Practitioner program to be eligible for certification. In addition, the Family Nurse Practitioner program should include content in health promotion and disease prevention, and differential diagnosis and disease management, as well as a full-time course in three separate courses:
  1. Advanced physical / health assessment
  2. Advanced pharmacology
  3. Advanced pathophysiology

After applying for the certification, all applicants have up to 90 days to take the exam through the local Prometric Testing Center. Recertification takes place every 5 years and requires clinical practice meetings and specific educational requirements.

Other special certifications offered by ANCC that can be chosen by family nurse practitioners include:
  • Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
  • Adult Nurse Practitioner
  • Practitioners of Mental Health and Mental Nurses
  • Diabetes Management - Advanced
  • Family Health Nurse Practitioners and Mental Health Practitioners
  • Practitioners of Pediatric Nurses
  • School Nurse Practitioner
  • Gerontological Nurse Practitioner

The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) also offers national certification in family practice. To qualify for this certification, the applicant must hold an active and active RN license and a master, post-master, or doctorate degree from a gerontology nursing program or adult family.

Applicants must provide documentation indicating that they are done:
  • Minimum of 500 hours clinical hours of faculty supervisory practice
  • Courses in advanced physical assessment, advanced pharmacology, and advanced pathophysiology

After applicants apply for a certification exam (applicants may request an application or register online), they have 120 days to complete the test after they receive the approval letter for the test date from the Professional Inspection Service. All appointments for testing should be made through the Prometric Testing Center. Recertification is required every 5 years, and clinical practice and specific educational requirements must be met during each renewal cycle.

Professional Family Practitioner Organization

Professional organizations often represent key and country constituent associations to improve nursing standards, to promote nurse right at work, and lobby Congress and other regulatory bodies on issues affecting nursing and public professionals. There are a number of professional organizations where Family Nurse Practitioners are often members of:
  • American College of Nurse Practitioners (ACNP)
  • American Nurses Association (ANA)
  • American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN)
  • The International Society of Mental-Mental Health Nurses (ISPN)
  • National Gerontological Nurse Association

Family Nurse Practitioner Salary

According to the National Gary Report 2011 published by Advance for NPs and PAs, family nurse practitioners earn different average salaries based on subspecialty and settings:
  • Gerontology $ 94,485
  • Mental Health $ 92,396
  • Clinic HIV $ 89.506
  • Family Practice $ 89,317
  • Diabetes / Endocrinology $ 88,397
  • Retail Clinic $ 96,800

The average hourly rate for the Family Practitioner Nurses in the above categories is between $ 40 and $ 62 per hour.

The 2011 survey of 3,812 NPs conducted by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners shows that the average full-time salary for a nurse practitioner is $ 91,310, while the average salary of the average wage for a Family Nurse Practitioner is $ 96,910.

On average, full time basic salaries for NP are further broken down in surveys with practice settings:
  • Private NP 111,750
  • Personal Doctor $ 95.680
  • Community Health Center $ 92.110
  • Rural Health Clinic $ 92,560
  • Outpatient Clinic Hospital $ 98.720
  • Occupational Health / Employee $ 99,030
  • Emergency Room / Urgent Care $ 115.070
  • In-patient Hospital Unit $ 103,650
  • Veteran Admin Facility $ 111,110

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Certification for Nurse Practitioners - Getting national certification is required by many states and employers for nursing practitioners and other advanced nursing practitioners. Credentialing is available at ANCC (American Nurses Credentialing Center) and the AANP (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners). Candidates are required to pass a certification exam in a specialized field to get certified. Typically, this area of specialization is equivalent to graduate degree programs who have completed their education.