Nurse Practitioner vs. Physician Assistant

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nurse practitioner vs physician assistant
Nurse Practitioner vs. Physician Assistant: Which Career Is Right For You? Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) are advanced health professionals found in many health organizations. At a glance, determining the difference between jobs may not be clear. Both Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant treat diseases, prescribe drugs, and work with primary care physicians. The difference lies in the training and education of each specialization. If you find both interesting positions but are not sure which to choose, continue reading to determine your best match.

Some of the responsibilities of both positions are:
* Medical prescription
* Get medical history
* Perform a physical examination and examination
* Diagnose and treat common sickness and injury
* Provide vaccinations, playback and physical
* Perform and interpret diagnostic and laboratory studies
* Advising and teaching health and nutrition
* Screen and refer patients to specialists and other health care providers

The amount of overlap may surprise you, but the Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant are not identical positions. Each has a specific role in the healthcare industry and doctors rely heavily on both to provide quality care. Understanding the main differences will further help you determine what career path to pursue.

Nurse Practitioner

Formal Definition: Nurse practitioners are Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) who have completed advanced education and extensive training. Nurse Practitioner forms a very large and vital part of the medical care community. The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines the role of nurse practitioner as follows: "Nurse practitioners serve as primary and specialized service providers, providing a mix of nursing services and health care to patients and families." Primary is the keyword in this definition. Nurse Practitioner provides many of the same primary care services as doctors.

Education Required: Nurse practitioners must be enrolled as nurses with a bachelor degree in nursing or related field from a university accredited university to apply. During their postgraduate studies, the Nurse Practitioner takes classes focusing on disease prevention and health care. The Nurse Practitioner also trains to work in a particular specialty. Most postgraduate programs require candidates to have more than five years experience in the medical field before applying to an education program.

License and Certification: License and certification requirements for nurse practitioners vary by country. All Nurse Practitioners must be licensed and certified through state maintenance boards to practice. Some states have a collaborative agreement that determines the level of independence and the main task of the Nurse Practitioner. This Agreement forms a practice model in which Nurse Practitioner will provide medical care.

Main Job Tasks:
* Takes patient history, performs physical examination, and orders laboratory tests and procedures
* Diagnose, treat, and manage disease
* Prescription drugs, in varying degrees
* Coordinate referrals
* Perform certain small procedures and surgeries, such as bone marrow biopsy or lumbar puncture
* Providing education and counseling to patients to support healthy living behaviors
* Difference: Exercise autonomy and initiative in clinical decision making

Work Envioronment: Nurse practitioners work in a variety of settings and are often trained to practice in specialties. This may include:
* Cardiology
* Emergency
* Family practice
* Geriatrics
* Neonatology
* Oncology
* Pediatrics
* Primary care
* School health
* Women's health

Salary and Job Outlook: Depending on the scope of practice, many Nurse Practitioners earn up to $ 113,000 a year. BLS predicts excellent career prospects for registered nurses. Notice on the chart below the growth projection. This work is expected to increase at a much higher rate than any other work in the future. With a higher degree, salary and career opportunities are much greater for the Nurse Practitioner.

nurse practitioner versus physician assistant

Physician Assistant

Formal Definition: Physician Assistant (PA) works under the direction of a physician to provide diagnostic and preventive care. PA is an integral part of the medical team and increasingly relied upon to assist physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines the role of physician assistant as follows: "Physician Assistants (PAs) practice treatment under the supervision of doctors and surgeons Physician Assistant is formally trained to provide diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services, as delegated by doctors."

Required Education: Full-time students enrolled in the Physician Assistant education program typically complete all required courses in two years. The program focuses on medical aspects of health care such as classroom and lab teaching in biochemistry, pathology, human anatomy, medical ethics, and other subjects. Similar to nurse practitioners, Physician Assistant also trains to work in a particular specialty. Note: Unlike Nurse Practitioner programs, previous health care experience is not always required for the applicant. Depending on the program, students can start the course after earning their undergraduate degree. Physician Assistant programs require less education and students may choose to switch to another masters degree.

License and Certification: The law varies by country, but all Physician Assistants must complete an accredited education program and pass a national exam before practicing.

Main Job Tasks:
* Track the patient's medical history and symptoms
* Order a laboratory test and analyze results with a doctor
* Provides a number of recipes
* Tell patients about preventive health care
* Treating minor injuries or pain
* Refer patients to specialists as needed
* Differences: Unlike Nurse Practitioner, Physician Assistant should practice medicine under the direct supervision of doctors and surgeons.

Work Environment: Physician Assistants work in a variety of settings, including:
* Surgeon Assistant - helps surgeons in the operating room
* Assistant Neonatologist - helps care for newborns
* Anesthesiology Assistant - helps the anesthesiologist
* Emergency Medicine - helps emergency room physicians

Other Specialization:
* Family practice
* Internal disease
* Geriatric Treatment
* Pediatric Treatment

Salary and Job Outlook: Depending on the training area and level of experience, the average Physician Assistant wage is approximately $ 87,000 a year. The career prospects for Physician Assistant are very promising. As one of the fastest growing jobs of the decade, students can find employment in hospitals, medical offices, and clinics across the country.

What career is right for you?

Prospective students have important decisions to make in terms of continuing education. Deciding which areas of nursing specialize is a good start. Careers as nurse practitioners or as physician assistants are just two of the many paths. The degree of autonomy you want and how much time you can dedicate to your education is an important factor to consider in determining which path is right for you. Several hospitals and medical clinics asked the Nurse Practitioner to have ten years of experience before beginning their training. Alternatively, Physician Assistants may start their careers with far less job training and do not have advanced degrees. Review our list of accredited schools to find the best program to help you meet your professional goals and take your career to the next level.

Important Facts to Know about the MSN Program

The Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) is a bachelor degree sought by nurses who wish to continue further training. Those who choose a masters degree in nursing must already be or are pursuing a bachelor's degree in nursing or related fields. Once a bachelor's degree is obtained, you may choose to apply to a master's degree program.

There are many different types of MSN degrees, so it's important to find the right program for your career goals.
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Certification for Nurse Practitioners - Getting national certification is required by many states and employers for nursing practitioners and other advanced nursing practitioners. Credentialing is available at ANCC (American Nurses Credentialing Center) and the AANP (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners). Candidates are required to pass a certification exam in a specialized field to get certified. Typically, this area of specialization is equivalent to graduate degree programs who have completed their education.