Nurse Practitioner Job Description

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nurse practitioner job description
Nurse Practitioner Job Description. Nurse Practitioners provide primary, acute and special health care, either independently or in partnership with other healthcare professionals, depending on state regulations. This service covers the overall management of patient care; Prescribe medications and treatments; Order, perform and interpret diagnostic tests, such as X-rays, ECG and laboratory work; Diagnose and treat chronic and acute conditions, including injuries, infections, diabetes and high blood pressure; Perform invasive procedures; counseling; And educate patients about lifestyle choices and prevention of positive diseases, injury and disease prevention.

On normal days, Nurse Practitioners can meet with patients, develop differential diagnoses, determine medication and history of documents, physical findings and examinations. These service providers also contribute to the health care industry in other ways, as consultants, researchers and patient supporters for families, individuals, groups and communities.

Due to their efforts throughout the field, Nurse Practitioner provides an important solution to fill primary care gaps, or lack of doctors, and the prospects of positive practitioner nurse work. With an increasing population as a whole and aging baby boomers, millions of new patients have entered the healthcare system, showing an increasing need for healthcare providers - especially in primary care. Nurse Practitioner is the ideal solution for patient-centered health care, primarily because they choose primary care as a clinical focus more than doctors and physician assistants. In fact, by 2016, more than 80 percent of Nurse Practitioners are trained in a primary care program, in contrast to 14.5 percent of doctors who choose primary care dwellings.

Popular Nurse Practitioner Specialties

Nurse Practitioners have various areas of clinical focus and can be found in a wide range of practice settings. They may choose to specialize in family health, acute care, adult health, infant health, children, gerontology, psychiatry, women's health and oncology.

In addition, they may focus on sub-specialty, including cardiology, dermatology, emergency medicine, endocrinology, gastroenterology, immunology, neurology, occupational health, orthopedics, pulmonology, sports medicine and urology. Here's a quick look at some of the most popular nurse doctor specialties.

Female Health Nurse Practitioners

Women's Health Nurse Practitioners (WHNPs) accounted for about 5.8 percent of Nurse Practitioners, with about 12,000 to 15,000 nurses nationwide reaching educational requirements to serve in this particular area and about 7,000 completing national certification. The best practice setting for WHNP is private group practice and the main clinical focus area is obstetrics and gynecology (OB / GYN). WHNPs are educated and experts in partnering with women to meet their health needs, ranging from managing chronic health conditions that affect women against disease prevention and gender-focused health promotion.

Adult-Gerontology Nurse Practitioner

Gerontological Nurse Practitioners (GNPs) accounted for about 6 percent of Nurse Practitioner. The best practice settings for GNP include hospital outpatient clinics and long-term care facilities and their focus areas are primarily primary care. They have received further education to provide services that address health issues that affect older adults, as well as the resulting cognitive, physical, psychological and social disorders. Their expertise equips them to diagnose, treat and manage chronic and acute conditions and age-related geriatric symptoms and provide therapeutic interventions or, occasionally, palliative care and end-of-life care.

Practitioners of Pediatric Nurses

Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (PNPs) account for about 6 percent of Nurse Practitioners. Their main practice setting is outpatient facilities in hospitals, although they can provide treatment anywhere from the hospital to the doctor's office. Their clinical focus areas are generally primary care. Similar to pediatricians, PNP works independently or with other health care providers to serve patients from infancy through adulthood. The services they provide to their patients include a disease diagnosis; Prescribing medication and therapy, in some states; Conduct regular checks, children's exams and immunization of children; Ordering patient laboratory tests; And counseling young patients and their families on health issues.

Family Nurse Practitioner

Family Nurse Practitioners (FNPs) so far represent the largest category in the Nurse Practitioner population. The largest percentage of FNP works in private group practice settings, or conventional physician offices, but also works in clinics, schools, hospitals and private homes. The main clinical focus is primary care. Because they work with diverse patient populations, FNP is trained to provide various health services for each family member, such as taking exams; conducting screening evaluations and diagnostic tests; Treating minor ailments and serious conditions; promoting healthy lifestyle habits and preventive care; Prescribing medication; And counseling. They also function as administrators and policy makers.

Neonatal Nurse Practitioner

Neonatal Nurse Practitioners (NNPs), which range from about 2 percent of the NP population, generally practice at inpatient clinics in hospitals, including neonatal intensive care units (NICU), delivery rooms, emergency rooms and special clinics. NNPs are advanced practice nurses who are trained to care for newborns, especially those who need special attention, during the first 28 days of life. They serve as primary caretakers for sick or premature newborns and take full responsibility for their patients. They perform many tasks, ranging from special equipment monitoring and drug delivery to perform diagnostic tests and other procedures and manage basic care.

Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners

Psychiatric Psychiatric Psychiatric Practitioners (PMHNP) primarily work in clinical settings such as private psychiatric practices and mental health facilities / inpatient or outpatient care. However, they also provide care at domestic violence shelters, schools, correctional facilities and substance abuse facilities. Their main clinical focus is psychology and they work with a wide range of patients to provide specialized intensive mental health services. PMHNP is a certified specialist to assess and diagnose mental health problems and manage pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy interventions as a treatment tool.

Emergency Nurse Practitioners

Emergency Nurse Practitioners (ENPs) work in emergency care settings, which are often complex and unpredictable, and provide health services for individuals of all ages either independently or through interdisciplinary collaboration. Some services provided include health promotion; Prevention of illness and injury; Assess, diagnose and manage acute episodic and exacerbations of chronic diseases; And managing education or counseling services to patients and their families. Because of their knowledge and expertise, ENPs also serve as researchers, advocates and consultants.

Acute Care Nurse Practitioner

Acute Care Nurse Practitioners (ACNP) account for approximately 7.7 percent of the Nurse Practitioner population and usually work in an inpatient setting. They are among the medical professionals trained to treat patients with episodes of severe, severe injuries, illness or trauma, including respiratory and cardiac arrest. This treatment generally consists of emergency medical interventions and involves the diagnosis and treatment of acute medical conditions through an immediate process. ACNPs may be skilled and trained in specific areas specific to the population, settings, conditions or types of patient illnesses. For example, the highest percentage of ACNP is certified in the field of cardiology as a special area, but other areas may include nephrology, neurology, surgery, cardiopulmonary, trauma and oncology.

How Do I Become a Nurse Practitioner?

In general, the Nurse Practitioner has six or more years of academic and clinical preparation. They hold a bachelor's degree in nursing, registered nursing licenses (RN), postgraduate nursing education, national council certification and Nurse Practitioner country license and registration. Along the way to become nurse practitioners, they should receive advanced clinical training that will prepare them with specific knowledge and clinical competence to be practiced in various healthcare settings. In addition, Nurse Practitioners must undergo rigorous national certification, periodic evaluations of clinical outcomes and peer review, in addition to complying with codes of ethics for specific ethical practices. Another important part of maintaining clinical competence is self-directed professional development and advanced learning experience.

How Many Nurse Practitioners Make It?

By 2016, the average full-time nurse nurse salary is $ 100,549. Practitioners pay nurses vary depending on specialist skills, years of experience, circumstances of practice and other factors. For example, the emergency department and dermatology specialist are the highest paid, earning an average of $ 120,000 per year, according to the 2016 Health Payroll Salary Guideline. The Nurse Practitioner Women's Health earns an average of $ 99,420 by 2016. Family Practice Nurse Practitioner The most common specialization, earning about $ 98,000 per year. Neurology Nurse Practitioners, on average, are the lowest paid for $ 91,000. Salaries also range from location. While the Nurse Practitioner in California makes an average annual salary of $ 120,000, the Nurse Practitioner in Idaho only earns an average of $ 86,500 per year. Providers make an average of $ 99,840 per year in Florida; $ 110,000 in New York; And $ 104,000 in Texas. Salaries also vary based on experience. Nurse Practitioners with three to five years of experience produce an average of $ 96,636 per year, while those with more than 15 years averaged $103.124 per year. Even sex can affect salary distribution with male Nurse Practitioners generating an average of $ 113,273 in 2016, and female Nurse Practitioners only earn $ 99,156.
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Certification for Nurse Practitioners - Getting national certification is required by many states and employers for nursing practitioners and other advanced nursing practitioners. Credentialing is available at ANCC (American Nurses Credentialing Center) and the AANP (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners). Candidates are required to pass a certification exam in a specialized field to get certified. Typically, this area of specialization is equivalent to graduate degree programs who have completed their education.